What You Need to Know About Dog Health Care

how dog health care

Dogs need clean water to survive. Provide them with open access at all times to prevent dehydration, stress, and heat stroke.

Watch for signs of illness, such as a poor appetite, lethargy, and urinating more or less often than usual. Also, have your dogs spayed or neutered to prevent backyard breeding and unwanted pets ending up in shelters.


Dog health care includes the proper feeding of dogs and avoiding unhealthy foods. The diet should include a balance of calories and nutrients, especially protein. Dogs may need to be fed two or three times a day depending on their age.

Dogs should be given high-quality, grain-free commercial or homemade dog food that is formulated with key ingredients to sustain health. They should also be dewormed on a schedule recommended by the veterinarian.

Some medications are easily administered to dogs by placing them in pill form inside a small treat or hiding them in food. Others are administered through the mouth or skin using a syringe. Preventive oral health care is a must to avoid tartar and plaque accumulation, which can lead to periodontitis.


Regular exercise keeps dogs physically healthy and stimulates their minds. It also reduces anxiety, which can lead to self-destructive behaviours such as chewing furniture and crying. Exercise can be as simple as a daily walk or play in the backyard, or more intense like swimming and obedience training.

Different dogs require varying levels of exercise depending on their breed, age and health. High energy breeds, for example, may need 30 minutes to two hours of physical activity every day – even as adults! Older pets need less vigorous exercise, but movement and mild activity is still important. This keeps their joints lubricated and limber, which in turn reduces behavioural issues such as excessive licking and barking.


Grooming is not a pleasant job for pets, but it is a vital part of keeping dogs healthy. Bathing, brushing, detangling, trimming nails, and cleaning earwax buildup are just a few of the grooming services that keep your dog looking great and feeling healthy.

As a bonus, grooming also helps socialize dogs, making them more comfortable in new situations and with strangers. Brushing their teeth can help prevent cavities, and nail trims can avoid joint pain from walking on untrimmed nails. Ear cleaning is an important service, though many pet owners prefer to leave this in the hands of professional groomers who can gently remove earwax without irritating your pet. The most important thing to remember is to make grooming sessions as short and positive as possible, so your dog will associate them with attention, treats, and praise rather than stress and anxiety.


Being a pet parent isn’t all tummy rubs and long walks in the park. Sometimes it’s scooping poop and taking care of other business, like keeping your pup healthy and protected from disease.

Vaccinations stimulate the immune system to protect against certain illnesses before your dog is actually exposed to them. This helps to prevent serious infections and outbreaks, which can be life-threatening for some pets.

Core dog vaccinations include rabies, distemper, parvovirus, and canine influenza. Non-core vaccines may be recommended for your pet based on regional factors and their unique lifestyle and history (for example, kennel cough or Lyme disease). Vaccine reactions are rare, but can occur. They are generally mild and short-lived. They can include swelling or redness at the injection site, lethargy, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, and/or hives.

Medical Care

A holistic approach to dog health includes physical, emotional, and spiritual wellness. Holistic veterinarians often favor non-invasive methods such as acupuncture, ethnomedicine, and chiropractic care, but will also prescribe medications when needed.

A physical examination is essential to diagnose health problems early, which makes treatment less costly and more successful. The veterinarian will examine your dog’s general appearance, listen to the heart with a stethoscope, and feel specific areas of the body.

If your dog has a life-threatening illness, many animal hospitals have charitable funds available to help pay for necessary treatments. In order to qualify for such assistance, you may need to demonstrate financial need (such as a denial of CareCredit) or provide a good prognosis for your pet. The fund at CSU’s Flint Animal Cancer Center, for example, takes both factors into consideration.


Why Dog Head Shaking Is a Symptom of a Health Condition

why dog head shaking

Dogs often shake their heads to scratch an itch or remove something stuck in their ears. But when they do this regularly, it can be a sign of a medical problem.

Check your dog’s ear flap for redness, swelling or discharge. If he shakes his head and exhibits other symptoms like itching, rubbing his face or chewing his feet, it’s time to consult with your veterinarian.

Ear Infections

Ear infections are the most commonly diagnosed health issue that causes a dog’s head shaking. They tend to be itchy and produce a lot of inflammation and discharge, both of which can trigger a dog’s natural head shaking behavior. If you lift up your dog’s ear flap and see redness, swelling or excessive wax, you should schedule an appointment.

Ear tremors caused by ear infections can be especially troublesome for dogs that swim. This is because water that builds up in the ear canal can cause bacteria to grow, leading to infection. Dogs with hairy ears or dangly earrings are also more prone to ear infections due to the fact that they can’t easily air their ears out.

Vigorous head shaking can also rupture blood vessels within a dog’s ear flap, resulting in aural haematomas that require surgery to treat. This is why prompt veterinary diagnosis and treatment are so important for your pet’s long-term well-being.

Ear Mites

When a dog shakes their head, they are often trying to remove an object from the ear canal. This is a natural behavior for our furry friends because they lack opposable thumbs. Infections in the ear cause itching and discomfort. If you lift up your dog’s ear flap, you may see redness, swelling and a foul smell.

Ear mites are another common problem that causes head shaking in dogs. These parasitic creatures live in the ear canal and produce itching and irritation. They can also spread to other areas of the body if they are not treated promptly. Symptoms of ear mite infestation include scratching around the ears and head, a crusty rash on the skin, a dark waxy discharge resembling coffee grounds and an unpleasant odor from the ears.

If you suspect your dog has ear mites, please schedule an appointment with your vet. They will clean your dog’s ears and prescribe a topical medication to kill the mites.


Dogs don’t have opposable thumbs so when they itchy, bump or get something stuck in their ears, they shake their heads to scratch it or to remove the foreign object. However, if they continue to shake their heads excessively, the blood vessels in the ear flap may rupture which can be quite painful for your fur baby.

Head shaking can also be caused by allergies to food ingredients or environmental triggers like mold spores, pollen, dust or storage mites. If your dog is itchy, has recurrent ear or skin infections or shows other signs such as rubbing their ears, chewing on their feet or whining, they may be suffering from an allergy and will need to undergo a food trial on a diet with no allergens to determine what they’re allergic to.

Antihistamines such as Benadryl are often prescribed for head shaking associated with allergies along with ear cleaning drops and limited exposure to the allergen. Your vet can also carry out tests to identify what your pet is allergic to.

Ear Growths

Occasionally, a dog will shake its head to get rid of itching and discomfort from an ear infection or another health condition. However, persistent shaking and other symptoms such as itchy ears, ear discharge and a foul smell may indicate a serious problem.

Dogs can also develop a tumor in their ear canal, which is another cause of head shaking. If a tumor is diagnosed, our vets can help your dog find the right treatment plan to manage or remove it.

Distraction can often stop dogs from shaking their heads, but when this isn’t helping, a veterinarian should be seen as soon as possible to determine what is causing the tremors. Our experienced veterinary team will be able to use a scope to see inside your dog’s ear canal and check for foreign objects, ear mites or trapped water and can take a swab sample to find the right solution to make sure your dog feels better soon.


Where to Get My Dog Health Tested

Understanding your dog’s DNA can help you plan their health for the rest of their life. The best dog DNA tests reveal a wealth of information from their ancestry to their risk for common genetic health issues like hip dysplasia and eye conditions.

Just remember that you should always consult your vet before making major medical decisions based on DNA test results. For example, a certain mutation could indicate your dog’s susceptibility to osteoarthritis but they may still avoid the condition altogether.


Veterinarians typically run several tests on your dog during a physical examination. These include blood work, a biochemistry profile and urinalysis, which detects things like bladder infections, diabetes and kidney disease. If your dog is drinking a lot of water, having difficulty going to the bathroom, acting hungry all the time or displaying other signs of Cushing’s disease (overproduction of cortisol), a veterinarian might recommend ACTH stimulation and low dose dexamethasone suppression testing.

Wellness testing is important because dogs are excellent at hiding illness, especially when it’s in its early stages. Regular screening allows veterinarians to find and treat diseases in their early phases when they’re less invasive and less expensive to treat.


A good breeder will be knowledgeable about the health tests available for their particular breed. This includes hip and elbow scoring, eye testing, heart examination and DNA testing.

Responsible breeders test their puppies and only breed dogs that are healthy. The good news is that many of the inheritable diseases can be prevented with simple, routine screening.

Health tests might seem costly, but they could save you money in the long run by preventing future medical bills or heartache for your new dog. Embark DNA offers doggie genetics testing that is specific to purebred dogs, and provides information such as breed identification, 35+ physical traits, ancestry, geographic origin and hereditary disease risk. It also determines biological age by measuring telomeres, which shorten with age, and provides insight into a dog’s predisposition to cancer. It also includes a health questionnaire. It’s available online and at most veterinarian offices. Paw Print Genetics is another service that tests for a variety of inherited conditions in both dogs and cats.

Genetic Testing Companies

Genetic testing companies offer DNA tests for hereditary diseases that can affect your dog. These tests can help veterinarians develop better preventative health plans for your dog.

For example, Embark offers a DNA test for the genetic disorder EIC (exercise-induced collapse). This condition causes sudden weakness and life-threatening collapse after intense exercise. The EIC test can alert breeders and vets to watch for signs and take precautions, such as limiting your dog’s vigorous activity.

These tests can also identify whether your dog is a carrier of hereditary diseases such as Centronuclear Myopathy and Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency. The results can help breeders create healthier gene pools by excluding affected dogs from breeding.

Online Genetic Testing

Every dog owner dreads the day that their beloved pet is diagnosed with a health condition they know little about. Dog DNA tests promise to ward off this heartbreak by screening dogs for genetic diseases before symptoms show up.

Some DNA testing companies include detailed breakdowns of breed ancestry and specific genetic health risks with their results. These tests are becoming more popular with dog owners as they become more readily available and affordable.

For example, Embark’s cheapest test scans for 350 breeds and over 200 genetic diseases and includes a drug and food sensitivities test. The company’s most expensive kit includes a veterinarian consultation if your dog shows up with notable health risks like a predisposition to hip dysplasia or proneness to seizures.

Wisdom Panel also offers a comprehensive report of your dog’s genetic health and ancestry with its Premium test, which analyzes 350+ breeds and 210+ medical conditions. It also calculates your dog’s biological age by measuring the length of his telomeres, which tend to shorten with age.


How Do Dogs Heal?

Dogs are instinctively part of a pack, so they want to help their fellow dogs heal when they get hurt. However, licking wounds may do more harm than good.

This is especially true if the wound is from surgery. It can irritate the incision, break down sutures, or cause infection.

Stage 1: Inflammation

When dogs sustain an injury, their body naturally responds with inflammation. This response happens right away and is the first stage of healing.

During the inflammatory phase, swelling, heat, pain and redness occur as the body prepares cells to heal. This is a normal part of the process and only problematic if it lasts too long.

This stage also engorges the damaged blood vessels so that they can swell and release transudate (a mixture of water, salt, protein, and enzymes). This helps to remove bacteria, pathogens, and other debris from the wound, as well as prep the wound area for healing.

At this stage, granulation tissue begins to form over the wound edge. It’s a moist pink tissue that will eventually fill in the wound and cover it, though it can look a little unattractive at this stage.

Stage 2: Debridement

When your dog sustains a wound, it is important to know that the healing process can take time. This is why it is best to protect the area and keep the wound clean and treated with an antimicrobial liquid.

The body sends its first signals of healing after a cut or scrape, including inflammation and granulation tissue formation. This inflammatory reaction prepares the body for healing by sending white blood cells to the wound.

Once the white blood cells reach the wound, they will push the dead tissues out of the way and flush the area with fluid to prepare the body for repair. This process is called debridement and can be done with either a selective or non-selective method.

Selective debridement removes dead or unhealthy tissue while sparing healthy tissue. Autolytic debridement occurs when the white blood cells soften and liquefy the hardened tissues, making them easier to remove. This is a safe, painless, and effective form of debridement for long-term healing.

Stage 3: Repair

When your dog sustains an injury, their body immediately begins to heal the wound. This involves the mobilization of white blood cells, inflammatory cells, and proteins to the site of the wound.

This process aims to prevent further bleeding, which will result in the formation of a thick scab over the wound. It may take several days or even weeks for the scab to fully form over the wound and the scar tissue to become stronger.

During this stage, your dog’s white blood cells will begin to remove dead and unhealthy tissues from the injured area. The white blood cells will also kill bacteria and pus that are present in the wound.

This stage is very important because the body needs to remove harmful dead tissue that might hinder the healing process. This is called debridement and it can be a natural process performed by your dog’s body or it can be surgically done by a veterinarian.

Stage 4: Closure

When a dog has suffered an injury, their body will start to repair damaged tissues a couple of days after the trauma. They will also produce new cells, and the skin will begin to form scabs.

In some cases, a wound will not heal properly because the dead tissue it contains is too difficult for the cells to remove. The best way to prevent this is by having a veterinarian remove the dead tissue surgically.

Once a wound has healed, your vet will remove the stitches that were used to close it. This is usually done in a few weeks, depending on the type of surgery your dog had.


How Much Are Healthy Dog Treats?

When it comes to buying treats, there are a few factors you should consider. These include cost, size and ingredients.

Treats should contain a balance of protein, fat, carbohydrates and fiber. They should also be low in calories and free of artificial flavors and preservatives.


When deciding what price to charge for your healthy dog treats, you should consider the ingredients, overhead costs, packaging and sales fees. These costs can add up, so it’s important to be sure you aren’t underselling your products.

Aside from that, you should also consider your pet’s caloric needs. As a general rule, Aona says that no more than 10% of your dog’s total daily caloric intake should come from treats.

Low calorie options for your pet include fruits and vegetables, plain cooked pasta, small pieces of baked potato or sweet potatoes, bananas, unsalted almonds, and plain cooked rice. While they don’t all have the same nutritional benefits, these treats can help keep your dog trim.


Treats are an important part of a dog’s diet, but you don’t want to overfeed your pet. The calorie amount should be less than 10% of their daily intake, and the treats should be made of healthy ingredients.

You should also choose treats that aren’t too hard, as these can pose a choking hazard and can fracture your dog’s teeth. They can also be too large for small dogs or puppies to eat, so make sure the treats are smaller than your pet’s size.

For example, Zuke’s Mini Treats are a perfect training treat for small dogs because they’re low in calories and only about 2.3 kcal per piece. This means you don’t overfeed your dog and they’ll get the energy boost they need for healthy training sessions.


Healthy dog treats use wholesome ingredients that are not chemically processed, contain minimal fillers, and offer adequate amounts of proteins and fiber for a nutrient-rich diet. They also avoid added sugar, which can cause weight gain, arthritis and allergies.

Ingredients are important because they let you know what’s inside a treat. A shorter list of ingredients usually means less processing, while a lengthy one may point to questionable ingredients like meat and grain meals or by-products.

Similarly, experts recommend avoiding treats that are high in fat or chemicals to preserve them. Likewise, sourcing is important, says Mankowski, since different countries have different quality standards.

Wholesome jerky dog treats, such as those made by Full Moon, are an excellent option for dogs with sensitive stomachs and allergies because they contain little to no glycerin, grains or corn. They also contain wholesome meat, such as beef and chicken, that’s gently cooked and dehydrated at low temperatures for maximum flavor.


Most healthy dog treats are made with whole foods, natural ingredients and fewer chemicals than their unhealthy counterparts. The best treats are free from preservatives, artificial flavoring, synthetic coloring and unwanted fillers.

Keep in mind that some commercial dog treats contain artificial sweeteners, such as sorbitol and sucralose, which can be harmful to your dog’s health. These sugars can cause obesity, tooth decay and nervousness in dogs.

If your dog loves chewing, you’ll want to look for long-lasting hard treats that won’t break down quickly. These include rawhides, paddy whacks, and leather and nylon chews.

Rawhide is a cheap by-product of the leather industry, so it’s not uncommon to find it in the grocery store and online. However, it’s important to note that these rawhides and other jerky treats may be linked to Fanconi Syndrome, which causes kidney failure in dogs.


Who Makes 4health Dog Food?

who makes 4health dog food

4health is a private-label dog food brand owned by Tractor Supply Company, a rural lifestyle store. This company operates about 1,600 stores in the United States.

They sell pet foods that are marketed as premium and affordable. These foods are priced 20 percent less than similar national brands.

Tractor Supply Company

Tractor Supply Company sells a variety of pet food, and you can also find some of their own brands, like 4health. They make dog food that contains no poultry by-product meal and no wheat, corn or soy.

The 4health line of dog foods was launched in 2010. Each brand has fresh meat as the first ingredient and no artificial colors or flavors, according to the company.

They are available in many formulas, including Puppy, Small Bites, Performance, Large Breed and Chicken & Rice Formula. They are high in protein and fat and are a good source of DHA to support brain health.

In addition to their own brand foods, Tractor Supply also sells Purina Pro Plan. This is a premium option that’s made for dogs with sensitive skin and stomachs. It’s a good source of protein and fat to support growing puppies, and it has shredded pieces for added palatability.

The Hill’s Science Diet Large Breed Adult is a veterinarian-recommended dog food that’s made to meet the needs of large breed dogs. It’s high in glucosamine and chondroitin to help with joint health, and it has omega fatty acids to support skin and coat health. It’s also a good source of taurine, which helps with heart health.

Diamond Pet Foods

Diamond Pet Foods has been in business since 1970. They specialize in nutrient-rich formulas that provide healthy levels of protein, fiber, fat and probiotics to support growth, energy and digestive health.

They make a variety of products for all stages of life, from puppy to senior dogs. They also have specialty diets for breeds that require special nutrients such as diabetic pets.

One of their most popular products is the 4health Salmon & Potato Formula for Adult Dogs, which has received excellent reviews online. It is a high quality and very affordable pet food.

Another product that they sell is the 4health Puppy Formula, which is a good choice for puppies and young dogs who are just starting to eat solid foods. It contains meat proteins like lamb meal and lamb as well as egg products to give your pup the proper nutrition it needs.

This puppy formula also contains a lot of grains such as rice and millet, which are great sources of carbohydrates and fiber. It also includes a lot of vitamins and minerals. Lastly, it contains a lot of omega-3 fatty acids to promote a healthy coat and skin. It also has glucosamine and chondroitin to keep your pup’s joints healthy.

Taste of the Wild

Taste of the Wild dog food is made with real roasted meat, vegetables and fruit to meet your dog’s instinctual needs. Premium proteins like wild boar; buffalo; smoked salmon and turkey; roasted bison, lamb, quail and venison are combined with complex carbs from sweet potatoes and legumes for lasting energy.

All formulas include prebiotics and species-specific probiotics to support digestive health. Some flavors also contain antioxidants and omega fatty acids to maintain healthy skin and coats.

4Health is a good option for dogs with dietary restrictions, including grain sensitivities. Most flavors contain no corn, wheat, soy or by-products and rely on peas, lentils and sweet potatoes as the primary carbohydrates in their diets.

Protein is a key nutrient in the diets of dogs and provides essential building blocks for muscles, bones and organs. It’s important for growth and development, as well as maintaining a healthy immune system and hormonal balance.

Ocean fish meal is a concentrated form of protein that contains a healthy supply of omega-3 fatty acids. It’s considered ethoxyquin-free and is a great source of omega-3 fatty acids for your dog’s skin and coat.


Where Do I Get a Health Certificate For My Dog?

where do i get a health certificate for my dog

Whether you are going on vacation or moving to another country with your pet, getting the proper pet travel health certificate can make all the difference.

You will need a veterinary health certificate from your veterinarian that shows your pet is healthy and meets all the requirements of the destination country or state. This will ensure they are not denied entry or quarantined upon arrival.

How do I get a health certificate for my dog?

If you have a pet, there’s a good chance that you’ll need a health certificate at some point. A health certificate is a good way to verify your pets status as well as give you peace of mind if you’re planning a trip abroad.

The best place to start is with your veterinarian. They can provide the certificate, and will likely have a list of recommended vaccines as well as other pertinent information about your pet.

Alternatively, you can check the USDA-APHIS website to see what you need for your specific destination and travel style. The site will also have links to a host of other helpful resources, including the aforementioned health certificates. Regardless of your source, it’s important to start planning six months in advance of departure to ensure that all the necessary items are in order. It’s not uncommon for pet imports to go awry at the last minute, so the more time you have to plan, the better!

What is a health certificate?

A health certificate is an official document that a veterinarian issues, indicating that your pet is free of disease and up to date on important vaccines and pest preventions. The certificate will also include information about your pet, such as the name and address of the owner, microchip number, and contact information.

Almost every commercial airline requires a health certificate for pets before they are allowed on a flight. This is because health certificates are important for ensuring that pets do not spread disease.

The requirements for domestic travel vary from state to state, but a current rabies vaccination and examination by an accredited veterinarian deeming your pet healthy (no evidence of infectious or contagious diseases) are usually all that is required to obtain a health certificate.

If you plan on traveling outside of the United States, a health certificate (APHIS 7001) is required by some states and will help prevent your pet from spreading new disease that could threaten local agriculture. You may also need to obtain a health certificate if you are planning on bringing your pet back home after traveling abroad.

How do I get a health certificate for my dog for travel?

If you are planning to travel internationally with your pet, a health certificate is necessary. The requirements vary by country and can be quite complicated.

AVMA recommends that you start the process as early as possible. The sooner you know what requirements your destination country has, the better.

The health certificate is a document generated by a federally-accredited veterinarian that ensures your pet meets certain health criteria. It is also a means of showing that your pet is free of infectious diseases.

Your pet’s veterinary visit will include an exam and any needed vaccinations or tests, such as heartworm testing, that may be required for your destination country.

Generally, international health certificates take longer to complete than domestic ones because the list of requirements is larger. The process can be long and complex, so it is important to start as soon as you know your travel plans.

How do I get a health certificate for my dog for sale?

There are several ways to get a health certificate for your dog. First, you can go to a licensed veterinarian who is accredited by the USDA. The veterinarian will do a physical examination to determine the health status of your pet. Once the exam is complete, the doctor will then issue a health certificate confirming your pet’s health and the vaccinations they have received.

Getting a health certificate for your pet is not something you want to do without thinking about it. A health certificate is important for a variety of reasons, including travel, quarantine, and sales. Depending on your specific reason for needing a certificate, you may be required to adhere to different guidelines. The best way to ensure you don’t get caught up in the red tape is to research your particular requirements before you begin the process. The Department of Agriculture’s website has a handy tool that can assist you with your search.


The Benefits of Owning a Dog

Having an animal will provide you with many benefits, from emotional and physical support to companionship. It can help you live longer and keep your focus on positive things.

Dogs and cats are known for their unconditional love, loyalty and friendship. They can also help you work through your problems and take the stress out of your day.


Exercise is one of the most important things that a dog needs in order to be healthy. It relieves stress and anxiety, strengthens the bond between you and your dog, keeps their joints strong and healthy, allows them to act on their instincts, provides mental stimulation and socializes them.

As a general rule of thumb, most dogs need 30 minutes of exercise every day. This may include a walk, but they also benefit from more intense forms of aerobic exercise such as running, swimming and team sports.

A healthy diet is also essential to keep your dog’s weight in check. If your dog is overweight or obese, they’re more likely to develop health conditions like arthritis and hip dysplasia.


When a dog is properly socialized, it will be more confident around people and other animals. It will also be less likely to develop behavioral issues.

The key to socialization is exposing dogs to new things on a regular basis and at a pace that works for them. This can be done through puppy play dates, visits to the local dog park, or taking them to doggie daycare.

Unfortunately, puppies who have missed out on socialization experiences tend to be more anxious as they grow up. This can lead to problems later on, like separation anxiety or aggression.


Training is a great way to bond with your dog. It also helps them learn and behave properly, which can be very important for your safety and wellbeing!

When it comes to training, start with the simplest commands. Then, once your dog has mastered the basics, move on to more complex behavior.

Taking your dog’s command to the next level should be done carefully, and should be fun for both of you. Keep in mind that dogs are intelligent animals, so you should always be positive and rewarding them for performing the desired behaviours!

A well-trained dog will also respond better to social situations, whether they are around other dogs or people. This can mean that your dog is more likely to be comfortable and relaxed in situations like veterinary visits, grooming appointments, boarding or even when you go on holiday!

Health Care

Dogs are at risk for a variety of illnesses and diseases, and regular health care is critical to keeping your pet healthy. Early detection of disease makes treatment easier and more successful, and can help your dog live a longer, healthier life.

Preventive medicine also includes vaccinations, parasite prevention, and dietary changes tailored to your dog’s needs. Core vaccines (for distemper, parvovirus, rabies, and kennel cough) are necessary for all dogs without medical conditions that prevent immunization.

Your vet can recommend additional health screens based on your dog’s lifestyle and risk factors, such as intestinal parasite prevention or bloodwork to monitor for liver, kidney, and thyroid disorders. Regardless of your dog’s age, regular exams and checkups are essential to maintaining good health.


The human-canine bond is a strong one, and it goes beyond a simple hug and kiss. It’s a deep affection that has roots in the chemical and cognitive processes that dogs share with humans.

A study published in the journal Animal Behaviour found that humans and dogs release oxytocin when they pet each other. This is similar to the way that babies and their mothers release the hormone when they touch.

The bond between people and pets can make all the difference for people who live alone or are experiencing loneliness and isolation. Interaction with animals can also help to reduce depression and anxiety, as well as boost overall wellbeing.


How to Tell If Your Dog’s Heavy Panting is Normal Or Abnormal

You probably know that dogs pant to cool themselves down after taking a walk, but heavy panting can be a sign of something more serious. Learn how to tell if your dog’s breathing and panting are normal or abnormal so you can see your Highland or Westville, IN vet immediately.


Like humans, dogs react to a perceived threat by producing a hormone called adrenaline. It sends signals to the pituitary gland in the brain, which then releases adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) to the adrenal glands, which release numerous substances including cortisol.

While a rush of adrenaline is an important response to an immediate threat, excessive amounts can have harmful effects. It can cause Cushing’s disease, a condition that affects the adrenals and can lead to heavy panting, weight gain, high blood pressure, and heart failure.

Anxiety disorders can be treated with medication, psychotherapy, and coping skills. A good support system can help a person cope with anxiety and make the treatment process easier.


Heavy panting is often a sign that your dog has heatstroke. It can be a life-threatening medical emergency that requires immediate hands-on treatment from a vet.

Generally, dogs cannot sweat like humans and so rely on panting and cooling through their noses and paw pads to regulate their body temperature. However, this is not always effective and it can lead to serious health issues if not treated early on.

A variety of conditions can cause excessive panting, including hypertension (high blood pressure), Cushing’s disease and certain painkillers. Panting is also a common side effect of many medications, especially prednisolone and corticosteroids.

Cushing’s Disease

If your dog has heavy panting and is anxious, it could be a sign of Cushing’s disease. This condition is caused by a tumor in the pituitary gland or adrenal gland that causes your pet to release too much cortisol, a hormone that regulates the body’s energy levels.

In many cases, this disease can be treated with medications that decrease the amount of cortisol produced by the adrenal glands. Two drugs, mitotane and trilostane, are commonly prescribed.

Other medications, such as selegiline hydrochloride and ketoconazole, may also be used. These medications, as well as other veterinary care and a healthy diet, can help manage your dog’s Cushing’s disease. Regular veterinary exams and blood work are essential for proper treatment of this condition.

High Blood Pressure

One common reason for heavy panting in your dog is high blood pressure. This is a serious medical condition that can cause damage to the heart and kidneys, as well as other organs in your dog’s body.

You can tell if your dog has high blood pressure when their systolic (pressure on blood vessels when the heart is beating) or diastolic (pressure between beats) numbers are elevated. A systolic number of 160 or higher is considered high.

Your veterinarian might check your dog’s blood pressure using an inflatable cuff and a Doppler device. The cuff blocks blood flow through an artery while the Doppler measures how much pressure is building up at each pulsation.


Many dogs pant excessively when they are stressed or anxious. Examples of stressful situations include car rides, fireworks, separation anxiety, vet visits, and thunderstorms (especially T-storm phobia).

Panting can also be an indicator of a medical problem. Dogs with breathing problems may pant heavily, as can those on painkillers and sedatives.

To help determine whether your dog is having a problem with their breathing, count their breaths for a minute while they are resting or sleeping. Anything over 30 breaths per minute is considered abnormal and should be brought to your veterinarian’s attention.

Likewise, excess panting that occurs while your dog is exercising or excited could be a sign of heart problems. The tongue and gums will often turn blue or white, which indicates that your dog is not getting enough oxygen to their tissues.


Healthy Pets – Where is Healthy Pets Located?

where is healthy pets located

Healthy pets focuses on providing pet owners with all of the essentials they need to take care of their animals at home. Its retail stores and online pharmacy make it easy to find what you need, when you need it. This is why they’re a one-stop shop for pet owners across the country.

Austin TX

Healthy Pet is a full-line pet store located at the Shops at Arbor Trails in Austin. Co-owners Chris Jabbori and Trevor MacKellar started their first store in 2012 and added a second location in Cedar Park three years later.

A pet lover’s paradise, Healthy Pet offers high-quality holistic food & supplies for cats, dogs and small animals. They also offer self-service dog wash bays and a variety of community resources like nutrition counseling and pet adoption events.

When Trevor and Chris were growing their multi-location pet supply business, they needed a solution that would help them easily manage orders from each location. They turned to NMR for a custom website and digital marketing strategy that would support their growth goals. The team was able to solve their challenges and achieve the results they had always dreamed of.

San Marcos TX

San Marcos is an exciting and historic city in the heart of Central Texas. It’s home to the country’s largest outlet mall, a beautiful downtown square, and tons of waterways to kayak, paddleboard or float on. The city also boasts a plethora of pet-friendly businesses.

Among these is a veterinary clinic that offers quality health care services and a variety of fun and educational resources for pet parents. The clinic performs a zillion different procedures and administers a wide range of medications and medical treatments. In addition, it accepts most major pet insurance plans and offers routing care add-ons and wellness plans to help you save money on routine vet expenses. We’re proud to be a part of the local community and would be honored to be your partner in pet health.

Cedar Park TX

Cedar Park is home to Healthy Pet, a full-line pet supply store with multiple locations. The business was opened in June 2012 by co-owners Chris Jabbori and Trevor MacKellar.

The company strives to be more than a pet store; it’s a community resource. They donate to charities, support the neighborhood and always carry all-natural, top-quality products at various price points.

The team is also dedicated to providing excellent customer service, which they have done since day one. Customers love the store, the wide variety of products and the knowledgeable staff. They also like the self-service dog wash bays, which allow them to clean their dogs without having to leave the premises. They are always looking for new ways to help their customers and their pets.

Georgetown TX

If you’re looking for a new pet this holiday season, consider adopting from the Georgetown Animal Shelter. This is a great way to give an animal a forever home and make a difference in your community at the same time. Whether you’re interested in a cat or dog, we can help you find the perfect match! Our veterinarians can also discuss the adoption process with you and answer any questions you may have about how to care for your new family member. We accept pet insurance, as well, so you can avoid unexpected expenses if your pet gets sick or has an accident.


Which Dog Has No Health Problems?

which dog has no health problems

When writing an article, it is important to identify your topic and establish context. An introductory paragraph does this by clearly stating the topic you will address in your essay and motivating it.

The healthiest dog breeds are generally those that have few medical issues or diseases. This gives owners peace of mind and saves trips to the vet.


Bred as a companion, Pugs are affectionate and happiest when they can spend time with their owners. They’re also a fairly laid-back dog, which means they don’t require much exercise.

They are prone to a number of musculoskeletal problems, which can be prevented with diligent observation at home and proper veterinary care. For example, hip dysplasia can lead to joint pain and arthritis later in life.

Eye health is also an issue with Pugs, especially dry eye and pigmentary keratitis. Dry eye is caused by a lack of tears that keep the eyes moist, while pigmentary keratitis causes black spots on the cornea that can cause blindness. Treatment includes medication that helps the eyes stay moisturized and dissolve the pigment.

Golden Retrievers

Golden Retrievers tend to be healthy dogs overall, but some health issues are hereditary. These include hip dysplasia, which causes growths in the joint of the hip and can prevent a dog from walking properly.

Aortic stenosis, a heart condition that can lead to fainting or low energy, also occurs in some Golden Retrievers. Regular veterinary examinations, blood work and urinalysis can catch this problem before it starts to affect your dog’s health.

Epilepsy is another common affliction in this breed, which can cause your dog to jerk and shake, have uncontrollable seizures or show sudden signs of weakness. The underlying cause can be cancer, hypothyroidism, autoimmune disease, liver failure, or toxin exposure. There are medications to treat these conditions, but they can be expensive and require ongoing blood testing.

Labrador Retrievers

Labs are intelligent, loyal, loving, and obedient dogs that make great family pets. However, they also require a lot of exercise and attention.

When they’re not getting enough attention, they can become anxious and mischievous. They may also develop separation anxiety, which can lead to behavior problems like chewing doors and furniture, digging, winning, pacing, growling, barking and more.

If your dog suffers from any of these ailments, it is important to visit your vet as soon as possible. They can help diagnose the problem and recommend treatments.


Rottweilers are a powerful breed that was used for herding, carting, and other farm work. Today, they’re much-loved family pets.

They’re a sturdy, reliable dog that is loyal to their owners. They excel at obedience and can be excellent herding dogs.

Unfortunately, Rottweilers are prone to several health problems, including hip dysplasia, osteosarcoma, and cancer.

In general, a healthy diet, plenty of exercise, and regular veterinary checkups are essential for your dog’s long-term health.

If you’re planning on breeding your dog, it’s a good idea to ask the breeder for proof that their parents have been screened for any health issues. This will help reduce your chances of getting a dog with these problems.


Weimaraners are highly intelligent, sociable dogs that require plenty of exercise. They also have high-energy and a strong desire to please their owners.

They are prone to separation anxiety, so it’s important to socialize them from an early age. This will help them develop into well-rounded, confident adults.

One health problem that can affect Weimaraners is hip dysplasia. This condition causes the hip joint to not fit properly, leading to pain and eventually arthritis.

It is recommended that dogs are screened by x-ray through the BVA/Kennel Club Hip Dysplasia Scheme before breeding.

Weimaraners are also prone to spinal dysraphism (SD). This is an inherited disease that affects the nerves in the spine, which can cause a wobbly gait and difficulty walking.


Why Don’t Dogs Care That They Eat the Same Thing Everyday?

do dogs care that they eat the same thing everyday

While some dogs may get bored of their regular diet, most won’t. It’s because they have fewer taste buds than humans, meaning they don’t crave variety the same way we do.

But they do still love to try new flavours and smells from time to time. That’s why it’s important to rotate their food so they experience a diverse range of nutrients and ingredients.

They don’t have the same taste buds as humans

While dogs can enjoy a variety of tasty treats, their taste buds aren’t as sophisticated as human ones. As humans, we can taste five main flavors: sweet, salty, sour, spicy, and bitter.

Located in little bumps called taste papillae, these receptors allow us to perceive the subtle differences between different tastes. These papillae cover the front and sides of our tongues, with the areas sensitive to sweet and salty tastes on the front of our tongues, and the area for bitter and sour taste buds toward the back.

As undomesticated, carnivorous animals, dogs naturally have receptors for meats, fats, and chemicals that are found in meat. This fine-tuned ability is inherited from our wild ancestors, who often consumed a primarily meat diet.

They’re creatures of habit

Dogs are creatures of habit and while they may not care as much about the taste of the food that they eat, they do enjoy a certain routine and don’t mind if it gets interrupted.

Having a regular feeding schedule can make the transition to a new food easier. It helps them understand that if they are hungry then their meal will come, regardless of the time of day or what’s going on around them.

A sudden change in routine can also be a negative impact on your pet’s day-to-day. For example, if you have had to relocate due to a fire or other disaster, this can be stressful for all of you including your dog.

A good rule of thumb is to feed your dog at least three times a day, but if they’re grazers you may want to get them used to eating their food more frequently throughout the day. The best way to do this is to measure out their entire daily diet and offer it at regular times.

They’re happy with the routine

Dogs are creatures of habit, and they’re happy to eat the same thing everyday. It helps their metabolism and makes it easier for them to adjust to new foods.

When dogs are used to a certain routine, they can feel anxious about changes in their life. For example, if you change the time when they eat their meals, they may get upset.

This is why it’s best to make small, gradual adjustments in a pet’s daily schedule. Watch for signs of stress or anxiety, and make the necessary changes one at a time.

While some dogs might get bored eating the same food every day, they don’t have a lot of taste buds to speak of. Changing recipes now and then can help them to experience a wider range of nutrients, flavor, and ingredients. It will also keep mealtimes fresh and exciting for them.

They don’t get bored

Dogs don’t get bored because they have fewer taste receptors than we do. They appreciate different smells and flavours in food, but they don’t need to have a diet that consists of the same things day in, day out.

However, if you want to change your dog’s meal, it’s best to do it gradually and over time. Changing their food too quickly can cause them to feel unwell, which could lead to problems later on down the line.

You can change the texture of their food by adding a little water or weak gravy, or gently warming wet food before serving it to them. You can also try a new recipe now and then to keep them interested.

If your dog is getting bored, they’re probably just looking for something new and exciting. Make sure they get regular exercise and try to mix up their routine to keep them stimulated and happy.


What You Should Know About Dog Health Checks

how much for dog health check

Regular dog health checks are an essential part of keeping your pet healthy and happy. They provide vets with lots of important insights about your dog and can help spot issues before they become serious.

The cost of a dog health check varies from clinic to clinic. Here are some estimates for you to consider.

Cost of Vaccinations

Vaccines are essential to your pet’s health and wellness. They prevent serious, life-threatening illnesses like rabies and distemper.

Your vet will recommend vaccines based on your dog’s lifestyle and the region you live in. Some core vaccines that are vital include rabies and parvovirus, while non-core vaccines might be recommended depending on your pet’s needs.

While the cost of vaccinations can be a significant chunk of your vet bill, they’re worth it in the long run because they protect your dog from life-threatening illness. Plus, vaccines help to ensure that your pet is not infecting other dogs or people with infectious diseases.

Typically, the cost of vaccinations is between $25-75 per shot (plus a small medical waste fee). You may also be able to find low-cost options at veterinarian clinics.

Cost of Parasite Prevention

Parasites are a major concern for many pet owners and can lead to serious illness. The good news is that prevention is much easier and less expensive than treatment.

Your veterinarian will recommend the best parasite prevention plan for your dog or cat based on their age, health and lifestyle. Fleas, ticks, heartworms and intestinal worms are all important to control.

Fecal testing is necessary to detect the presence of these parasites, especially if your pet spends a lot of time outdoors or has frequent contact with other pets. This test is similar to a bloodwork in that it involves the examination of a sample of your pet’s feces on a microscope slide.

A fecal exam is usually recommended annually for adults and at least every other year for puppies and kittens. This test can be done at the veterinary hospital or sent to an outside laboratory. It is a more accurate way to identify intestinal parasites than direct smear tests.

Cost of General Wellness Exam

A general wellness exam is an important part of your dog’s health care routine. It can help detect early signs of illness and disease, allowing your vet to recommend preventive measures that will keep your pet healthy and happy.

Most vets recommend that dogs get a general wellness checkup once or twice a year. This visit will include a full physical exam, bloodwork and any necessary shots or immunizations.

Your dog’s doctor will also conduct a fecal exam, which can be helpful in determining whether your pet has worms or other parasites. This exam will usually cost between $25 and $50.

Veterinary visits can be expensive, but it’s essential to get routine care. Getting your dog or cat covered by pet insurance can help you keep the costs down. Depending on the policy, it may cover accidents and illnesses, hereditary conditions or both.

Cost of Bloodwork

Bloodwork is a great way for a vet to get an accurate picture of your pet’s health. These tests can help reveal minor imbalances in your dog’s organ function that may indicate a serious underlying issue, and they can also catch cancer at an early stage.

Usually, routine blood work at a dog wellness exam will include a complete blood count (CBC) and blood chemistry analysis. These tests can reveal a lot about your dog’s hydration status, anemia, infection, immune response and blood clotting ability.

Specialized blood tests, on the other hand, can be used to diagnose or monitor specific health problems. They might include leukemia or lymphoma testing, allergy blood panels and other specialized metrics.

As with any veterinary service, the cost of bloodwork will vary based on your location and the veterinary care provider you choose. Be sure to ask for a price estimate before you make an appointment.


How Much Dog Health Insurance Cost?

how much dog health insurance cost

Pet insurance can help to ease the burden of unexpected veterinary costs. It may also prevent you from having to make the heartbreaking decision of euthanizing your pet if they are too sick or injured to live.

Premiums vary from company to company, based on the breed of your dog or cat, their age and the average veterinary costs in your area. The type of coverage you choose can also have an impact on how much it costs.


The cost of your pet health insurance plan depends on a variety of factors. Some are based on your pet’s breed and age, while others reflect your location.

For example, veterinary care is generally more expensive in big cities. This is because vets in urban areas make more money and have access to better technology.

Another variable that affects your pet health insurance premium is the deductible. You can choose an annual deductible or one that applies to specific conditions, such as hip dysplasia.

Choosing the right level of deductible is important for budgeting. If you opt for a higher deductible, your monthly premium will increase, but you’ll save on out-of-pocket costs.


Deductibles are the first amount you need to pay out of pocket before your pet insurance policy will start reimbursing you for vet bills. They vary between insurers, but typically range from $100 to $500, with an average deductible of $200.

Choosing the right deductible is an important part of deciding which pet insurance plan will work best for you and your budget. The lower your deductible, the lower your monthly premium will likely be.

There are two main types of deductibles offered by pet insurers, annual and per-condition. Each type has its pros and cons. In general, annual deductibles are easier to understand and can help keep costs down.


The cost of pet health insurance varies based on the type of coverage, the deductible, annual maximum and reimbursement level. Premiums are generally lower for younger pets.

Accident and illness plans (all companies offer this) are a great option for owners who want comprehensive coverage for their animals’ general illnesses, including congenital, hereditary and chronic conditions.

Preventative care add-ons are also available and help offset the costs of routine care like wellness exams, vaccinations and blood tests. They’re typically added to accident and illness plans for an extra $10 to $50 per month.

It’s important to know what is and isn’t covered, so you can be prepared for any unexpected vet bills. For instance, some companies will only cover hereditary disorders if they’re included as an add-on, so be sure to ask about that ahead of time.


Pet insurance costs vary by company and are based on a variety of factors, including age, breed, and health history. Larger breeds and those with health issues tend to be “higher risk,” which increases their premiums.

Coverage options include accident and illness plans, accident-only plans and wellness or preventive care add-ons. Many companies offer these optional packages, which can help reduce your pet’s overall cost of care.

Deductibles are a big part of the cost of pet insurance, and the higher your deductible, the lower your monthly premium will be. The key to making this work for your budget is to choose a deductible that’s reasonable for your pet’s needs.

The most common type of deductible is the lifetime per-condition deductible, which applies to specific conditions like hip dysplasia. But you can also opt for a deductible that applies to all conditions for the entire life of your pet.

Preventative care

Pet insurance can be a good option for many pet parents to minimize what they pay in vet bills. However, it is not a substitute for regular preventative care.

Preventive care is essential for your dog or cat to stay healthy, and it can save you money in the long run by catching illness early on. Some pet insurance companies offer supplemental wellness plans that reimburse you for your pet’s annual checkup, key vaccinations and parasite screening tests.

Usually these are sold as add-ons to accident or illness policies, but they can also be included in more comprehensive plans. Most have an annual maximum benefit and a reimbursement percentage, which determines how much of your vet bill they cover. Some even have per-incident or lifetime deductibles.


Is Having a Dog Bad For Your Health?

is having a dog bad for your health

When you think of pets, you probably picture a furry friend that warms your heart. But dogs don’t just make you smile; they can also help your health in several ways.

Among many benefits, owning a dog can help lower your risk for heart disease and diabetes. In fact, the American Heart Association lists it as one of the top benefits of dog ownership.

1. It’s not good for your heart

Having a dog is no doubt a nice perk, but it’s not always good for your health. As with humans, there are risks associated with owning a dog, including heart disease.

While there are many ways you can help keep your heart healthy, one of the best is to make smarter food choices. The right mix of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts and beans can go a long way towards keeping your heart healthy and happy.

2. It’s not good for your bones

If you want to keep your bones strong and healthy, you need to do more than just eat the right amount of calcium and vitamin D. You also need to get enough exercise and avoid certain habits that can weaken your bones, like smoking and drinking alcohol.

Dogs have a lot of hard, brittle teeth that can easily break if they chew on a bone. This is especially true for harder and denser bones, such as a femur or a marrow bone.

3. It’s not good for your eyes

Having a dog is not only fun, it can also be good for your health. A study found that people with dogs had a lower risk of dying from heart disease and other causes than those without them.

A diet rich in saturated fat – found in butter, cheese, red meat, tropical oils and processed foods – raises blood cholesterol levels, which can cause heart disease.

A diet that is low in saturated fats and high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and healthy sources of protein is recommended. The American Heart Association recommends limiting saturated fat intake to 5 to 6 percent of calories daily.

4. It’s not good for your ears

The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is one of the most ubiquitous and popular domestic animals in the world. It is a descendant of the wolf, and has been around for more than 12,000 years as a hunting companion, protector, object of adoration, and friend.

The ear is a complex organ that houses a surprisingly large number of sensors. However, it’s not immune to the ravages of time and adversity. Among the canine population, a surprising number of dogs have chronic or recurrent ear infections, often in the form of swimmer’s ear. Thankfully, these ailments can be prevented or managed through proper care and treatment.

5. It’s not good for your skin

The best way to maintain healthy skin is to consume a diet that supports your skin’s natural elasticity. This means avoiding foods that dehydrate your epidermis, such as alcohol, and eating a balanced mix of whole, plant-based foods rich in antioxidants and essential nutrients.

For your dog, it’s also best to avoid processed meats and high glycemic foods, such as those found in ketchup and booze-infused treats. This is because these items contain nitrates and sodium, both of which can damage your skin’s collagen strands and cause wrinkles.

6. It’s not good for your teeth

There are a lot of things that go into the health of our teeth. The foods we eat, the drinks we drink, and how often we eat all contribute to tooth decay.

When it comes to food, the key is to limit your intake of sugary and starchy foods. These are particularly bad for your teeth because they provide energy for bacteria that thrive in your mouth.

Instead, eat a variety of fruits and vegetables that are rich in vitamins A, C and D, calcium, and phosphorus. Nuts are also great sources of these nutrients and can help fight tooth decay, especially almonds and peanuts.


Care For Your Dog the Way You Would Like to Be Treated

which dog care

Keeping a dog healthy is a lot like caring for any other pet. A regular routine of veterinary care, grooming and prevention helps your dog live a long, happy life.

A dog’s needs vary based on its breed and lifestyle. So, you’ll need to take some time to think about which dog care is best for your pet.

Basic needs

Dogs are living and breathing animals that need a healthy environment in which to thrive. A combination of good nutrition, preventive veterinary care, health monitoring, grooming, and a place to call their own will help create this healthy environment.

Basic needs include water, a clean, safe place to sleep, and food that is appropriate for their age, breed and current health. You also need to take your dog to the vet for a regular checkup and vaccinations.

All dogs, especially puppies, need rest after exercise or eating. However, some need more rest than others.

Puppies, for example, may need to go outside for a bathroom break every one or two hours. Adult dogs, on the other hand, can hold it for six hours or more.

Leaving your pet alone for long periods is difficult but not impossible, as long as you are careful about the rules and enforce those rules. Crate training is an effective way to limit your dog’s alone time but some people prefer a more open arrangement and train their dog to obey house rules without a crate.

Social needs

As with all living things, dogs have specific needs that must be met in order to live a happy and healthy life. These needs include social, biological, safety and belongingness.

A dog’s level of satisfaction with these needs will depend on their age, gender, breed and general health. If you’re not sure, consult a veterinarian to help determine what your dog’s needs are and how to meet them.

For most dogs, the best way to fulfill their social needs is through human interaction. By socializing them early and frequently with new people, places and sounds, you can help them develop a comfort zone that they will grow to appreciate and trust.

Physical needs

Dogs have basic physical needs that they require to keep them healthy, such as shelter, nutrition, warmth and comfort. However, the requirements of each individual pet will differ based on their lifestyle, age and health conditions.

This includes regular exercise, which can help burn calories, stimulate their minds and keep them healthy. Exercise can also eliminate boredom and help your dog avoid destructive behaviors, such as chewing and digging.

The amount of exercise your dog requires varies based on their size, breed and health condition. Short-nosed (brachycephalic) dogs, for example, shouldn’t be allowed to go for extended walks, and long-backed dogs should be cautious on stairs or other strenuous activities.

Other dog care activities include preventing accidents, promoting dental health and keeping your home clean and safe for your four-legged friend. These activities will help your dog stay happy and healthy, while providing the necessary companionship you need.


How Much Does Dog Care Cost?

There are many expenses involved in owning a dog, from food to toys to vet visits. If you’re a first-time pet owner, it’s important to understand how much these costs are before you bring your new pup home.

A basic veterinary visit will typically cost $50 to $250, but emergency visits can add up quickly.


Vaccines are a key part of your dog’s healthcare regimen, but they can be expensive. Depending on where you live and what vaccinations your veterinarian recommends, you could spend hundreds of dollars per year for a core vaccine like rabies or distemper, plus any additional vaccines to protect your dog from diseases they are exposed to in their daily lives.

The cost of vaccines is also affected by your health insurance coverage. If you have a high-deductible plan, or don’t have health insurance at all, you may pay for your vaccines out of pocket.

Vaccines are important for protecting your family from a variety of diseases, but they also have a big impact on the entire community. Getting vaccinated can help keep people from catching diseases, which can lead to illnesses that require time off work or school and are costly for society as a whole.


Spaying and neutering your pet is an important part of maintaining their health, as well as preventing unwanted litters. These procedures also reduce the number of animals that enter shelters and rescues.

However, spaying and neutering can be expensive, and it’s important to know how much they cost before deciding on whether to get your pet fixed. Your pet’s breed, size, age, and health condition will all factor into the cost of surgery.

If you’re on a budget, consider a low-cost clinic or pet adoption organization that offers subsidized surgeries. They can be more affordable than private veterinarians and will often rely on state programs or donations to help cover costs, but they won’t offer blood work or a full pre-exam before the surgery.


Grooming your dog is a sure-fire way to make him or her look and feel their best. In fact, it’s one of the most popular services offered at pet stores and salons across the country.

The cost of a good grooming session can vary significantly, depending on the level of service you require. A basic groom can typically run from $30 to $80+, but that number can easily skyrocket if you opt for a full-service experience.

The cost of a groom is also affected by the size of your dog, as well as the breed. A small breed may be able to fit into a small space, while a large breed might need a larger area to get the job done. Besides size, a few other factors can have a significant impact on your bill, including the amount of time spent grooming your dog and the quality of service you receive.


Feeding your dog a healthy diet is one of the most important things you can do for their health. Unfortunately, it can also be a costly expense to keep up with, especially if you’re a pet owner on a budget.

The cost of food can vary greatly depending on the brand, type and size of dog you are feeding. A small or toy sized dog will only need a few cups of dry kibble a day, while a large or giant sized dog needs a lot more food.

Oftentimes, you’ll find that the higher priced food choices are filled with all the essential proteins, fats and vitamins your dog needs to stay healthy. They also tend to have fewer fillers and more natural ingredients than cheaper brands.


Dogs can be great companions and loyal friends, but even the best-behaved ones can benefit from a little help with training. It could be that they don’t listen to their basic commands, have trouble walking on a leash or get anxious around other dogs.

The cost of dog training varies, depending on where you live and the trainers you choose. Some places offer group classes for basic obedience that can range from $20 to $75 per lesson.

Other options include boarding-and-training, where your dog or puppy is dropped off with a trainer for a few days at a time. This is a good option for busy people who can’t train their pups themselves, but it can be expensive.


The Dog With the Most Health Issues

dog with the most health issues

If you’re thinking of getting a dog, it’s important to know what kind of health problems your pooch might be susceptible to. This will give you peace of mind as you care for your pet and save you trips to the vet!

Genetic predispositions can make a dog more prone to certain diseases. But that doesn’t mean your dog can’t live a happy, healthy life!

Bernese Mountain Dog

As one of the larger dogs, the Bernese mountain dog has some health issues that have a greater than average incidence in the breed. Some of these are hereditary and some can be prevented through good breeding practices.

Von Willebrand’s disease is a blood clotting disorder that can be inherited and can occur at any age. This can make it difficult for your Bernese to heal from surgery or an injury because they cannot clot normally.

The resulting bleeding can lead to kidney failure, liver damage, heart disease, and even death. The best way to know if your dog has this condition is through a DNA test.

Hemangiosarcoma is a type of tumor that commonly develops in the spleen and sometimes other organs. These tumors can rupture, causing severe internal bleeding.

Eye diseases including progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), cataracts, and glaucoma are also prevalent in this breed. Owners are urged to have their dogs checked regularly by a canine ophthalmologist throughout their lives.

English Bulldog

The English Bulldog has the most health issues of all breeds, according to veterinarians. Its unique body and head structure has caused them to suffer from a host of health problems over time.

They have a short face, protruding jaws and skin folds, making them more susceptible to a variety of health conditions. These health issues include bloating, a blood-clotting disease called Von Willebrand’s disease, inherited deafness, urinary problems and heart and kidney disease.

It also can develop a condition called hypothyroidism, which is when the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones to keep your dog healthy.

These health problems can be prevented by having your dog bred only from breeders who are responsible and follow good breeding practices. You can also help your dog avoid these health issues by giving him a proper diet and lots of exercise.

They also need regular grooming to prevent a host of skin issues from developing. Loose skin and skin folds trap moisture, which can lead to a host of skin problems, including dermatitis, hair loss and itching.


Weimaraners are generally healthy, but they’re also prone to a number of health problems. Some of these conditions are purely genetic, while others can be caused by environmental factors.

Hip Dysplasia: This condition occurs when the dog’s hip joints don’t develop properly, causing them to rub against each other as they move. It’s often inherited and can cause severe pain and discomfort for the dog.

Dental Problems: Weimaraners are prone to dental disease, especially during their adult years. Tartar buildup can lead to gum disease, which in turn can affect the kidneys, heart, and other parts of your dog’s body.

Osteosarcoma: This type of cancer occurs in large breeds, including Weimaraners. It typically affects a single bone, but it can spread to other parts of the body and be fatal.

Weimaraners are usually quite energetic and active, so they need a lot of exercise to stay healthy and happy. They’re also susceptible to separation anxiety, which can make them incredibly agitated when left alone.

Cocker Spaniel

The Cocker Spaniel is a sociable breed that loves being with people. They’re also very intelligent and like to learn.

Despite their sweet nature, however, the Cocker is susceptible to many health issues. Some are hereditary and some are due to environmental factors.

Ear infections, for example, are very common in this breed because their folded ear flap blocks airflow and makes them a magnet for dirt and moisture. It’s easy for fungi, mites and yeast to get inside the ear and cause infections.

They can also develop luxating patellas, a condition where the kneecap slips out of place. It’s important to see your vet if your Cocker has these, or if it occurs more than two times in one leg.

This breed is also prone to hypothyroidism, a thyroid disorder that causes recurring skin and ear infections. It can also lead to weight gain, joint pain and weakness. Fortunately, there are treatments available for dogs with this disease.


What Healthy Animal Parts Are There?

what healthy animal

Animal health is a central part of human and environmental well-being. It contributes to ensuring sustainable development and a safe food supply.

1.3 billion people worldwide depend on livestock production for their income, nutritious food, clothing and fuel. In rural agriculture-based economies, two-thirds of smallholder farmers are reliant on their animals for livelihoods.


Your pet’s eyes are an essential part of their overall health. They help them see the world around them, and can also indicate problems.

A healthy animal’s eyes should be bright, shiny, and of equal size. When your pet’s pupils are narrowed, it can be a sign of a problem.

Animals like foxes, dogs, and tigers have pupils that look like vertical slits; animals like goats and horses have slits that are horizontal. Regardless of the shape, the pupil helps the animal’s eyes scan all angles and find danger, says Martin Banks, a vision scientist at the University of California, Berkeley.


Ears are one of the most important parts of a healthy animal. They help us hear and communicate with other animals.

A healthy dog’s ears look light pink and have no apparent dirt or inflammation. However, ear infections can occur and are very painful for your dog.

Keeping a close eye on your dog’s ears can help you detect signs of an infection. These include scratching, foul smells (often like yeast), redness and discharge.


Your nose is part of your body’s main gate to the respiratory system and a key to your ability to taste. It lets you smell and sense what’s going on around you, like a big batch of cookies or a gym bag full of dirty clothes.

Your nose is also home to many tiny hairs called cilia (say: SILL-ee-uh) that help move mucus from your sinuses and back of your nose into your throat, helping you breathe more easily. A normal nasal secretion should be thin and clear, whereas thick mucus or crustiness around the nostrils could indicate an upper respiratory infection or a sign of a more serious medical condition.


Healthy mouths smell good, look nice, and don’t contain too much plaque (a clear bacterial film that coats teeth). Mouths with bad breath, however, smell foul, and may have swollen gums or loose teeth.

Plaque forms constantly on a pet’s teeth, turning into hardened tartar if it isn’t removed within a week or two. Tartar irritates the gums and can cause inflammation (gingivitis) and periodontal disease, if left untreated. Fortunately, there are several things you can do to help your pet maintain healthy teeth and gums. These include brushing regularly, feeding tooth-friendly foods, and treating your pet with treats that are designed to protect oral health.


The hair of a healthy animal is usually smooth and shiny. It also has the ability to hold its own against a good blow dry. It is important to condition your animal’s hair and skin with a quality conditioner or oil before you head out into the great outdoors. Keeping your pet’s coat supple will also reduce the risk of tangled strands.

Hair is a complex and fascinating structure. It is made of a combination of proteins and other substances including keratin, an important protein for a hair follicle to thrive on. It also features a well deserved lion’s share of the credit for being one of the most aesthetically pleasing parts of the body. The most interesting aspect of the hair is its ability to self-renew as long as it is kept moist.


Often overlooked but a crucial part of an animal’s overall health, the tail is an essential part of many mammals and reptiles. They’re used for a variety of reasons, including balance and navigation.

For example, a cat’s tail acts as a counterbalance to help it walk over uneven or slippery ground and jump on prey. Or a squirrel’s bushy tail aids in balance as the animal leaps from tree to tree.


A healthy animal has two lungs inside the chest, protected by a bony cage of ribs. Breathing takes place in these spongy lungs which are designed to take oxygen into the blood, release water from the blood and remove carbon dioxide from the blood.

When an animal is at rest or sleeping their breathing rate will usually be between 15 and 30 breaths per minute. A higher breathing rate could suggest anxiety, fever or pain. If your pet has fluid in their lungs or chest cavity this can make the breathing rate increase even faster and this is a sign that they need to be seen by your veterinarian.


How Often to Feed Dogs a Day

how often to feed dogs a day

Feeding your dog the right amount of food is essential for their health. Too little and they can become malnourished, while too much and they can become obese.

There are several factors that determine how much your dog should eat, including their age, weight and overall activity level. The guidelines on a commercial pet food label are a good starting point for your dog’s diet.


Salmon is a high-protein fish that can help keep your dog healthy and happy. It’s full of Omega-3 fatty acids and helps to boost the immune system.

It’s a good whole food source of Vitamin D and it also reduces inflammation, which is useful for dogs with skin issues like itchiness or yeast infections.

However, there are risks associated with salmon if it’s not properly prepared. Raw salmon is very high in parasites and bacteria that can make your dog sick if it’s not cooked correctly.

Canned smoked salmon is a safe option for your dog but be sure to choose spring water and remove the bones.


Carrots are a nutritious snack and delicious treat that dogs can enjoy. They’re packed with nutrients like fiber, vitamin A, potassium and antioxidants.

They’re also good for your dog’s teeth. They can help scrape away tartar, which is essential for preventing dental problems.

You should feed carrots in moderation, however. Large amounts of carrots will lead to weight gain and obesity, which can lead to other health issues.

They’re also a great source of beta-carotene and lutein, which are known to protect eyesight and lower the risk of age-related eye diseases. They’re also very high in water, so they can improve your dog’s hydration levels.


Rice can be a healthy part of your dog’s diet, but it should be fed in moderation. Too much rice can lead to a build-up of extra carbohydrates in the blood and increase your dog’s risk of developing diabetes.

When it comes to preparing rice for dogs, the most safe method is to boil it until tender. Be sure to rinse it well before feeding it, and don’t add any seasonings or fats that might upset your dog’s tummy.

While white rice is easier for most dogs to digest, brown rice is also a good choice for sick dogs who have gastrointestinal issues like diarrhea. It is high in soluble fiber and can promote stool formation for your dog with diarrhea.


Yogurt is a probiotic-rich food that can help restore your dog’s digestive balance. It also helps to relieve minor GI problems, such as diarrhea, in some dogs.

Ideally, you want to feed your dog plain yogurt that is free of added sugar and sweeteners. Be sure to check the label for ingredients that may be harmful or toxic, such as xylitol.

You can mix yogurt into your dog’s food, smooth it on a Kong toy or even use it as a baking ingredient for healthy homemade treats. It is best to serve it in moderation, as excess fat can lead to weight gain and pancreatitis.


A popular breakfast food, oatmeal is a healthy addition to a pet’s diet. It is low in calories and contains a variety of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.

Oatmeal is also high in fiber and a great source of soluble fiber which helps in regulating blood glucose levels and improves digestion. However, too much of this nutrient can cause stomach problems including diarrhea and vomiting.

If your dog has a sensitive digestive system, consider serving oatmeal with water, not milk. Dairy can be difficult for dogs to digest and can cause gastrointestinal issues like diarrhea and bloating.


Cheese is a delicious, nutrient-rich snack that many dogs love. It contains protein and fatty acids that help improve skin and coat health.

However, you should only feed cheese to your dog in moderation and only after consulting with your veterinarian. This is because it can be too high in fat and salt for certain pets, such as overweight or obese dogs, or those with kidney problems.

Cheese also contains lactose, a sugar that can cause intestinal upset in some dogs. For this reason, it’s best to give your dog low-lactose cheese or a dairy substitute.